Miscanthus

Laboratorium

VitroGen Sp.j.

 

Office:

ul. Dąbrowa 6

85-147 Bydgoszcz

tel.: 52 325 00 00

fax: 52 325 00 02

e-mail: biuro@vitrogen.eu

 

 

Laboratory:

ul. Jagiellońska 94D

85-027 Bydgoszcz

tel.: 52 345 05 00

 

Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) is a triploid hybrid formed from the cross between (Miscanthus sinensis) and Miscanthus sacchariflorus. It is known for its active assimilation of carbon dioxide, efficient biomass production and low microelement content when burned to ash. Miscanthus provides excellent material for the production of fuel briquettes and pellets used by the energy industry and heating systems, as well as high-quality biomass used for the production of methane and ethanol, or in the construction and paper industries. Miscanthus plantations are not only a renewable energy source but also contribute to atmospheric CO2 reduction, and are thus an environmentally sound alternative.

Miscanthus tolerates a wide range of soil types and can be planted even on lean soils, and can grow to a height of 3.5 m (about 10 to 11 feet). Dry matter production from biomass collected after the second vegetation season is up to 8 metric tons per hectare and can increase in subsequent years to as high as 20 to 40 tons depending on the climate and soil quality.

Miscanthus x giganteus does not form seeds and thus does not spread beyond its plantation area. It is propagated mainly by in vitro techniques, as well as by rhizome (underground stem) cuttings.

Miscanthus straw is harvested in March and April, when the water content in tissues is relatively low. Stems can be cut with harvesters traditionally used for maize, but machines designed specifically for miscanthus cutting, chopping, pressing and baling are available on the market. The calorific value of dry straw ranges between 17.0 and 19.5 MJ/kg.